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Horticulture 1000
HT1081 - Landscaping - Final plans
Concept plans

Final plans

Functional manner

A site should be landscaped so it is user-friendly and has a good flow from one space to another. Each space in the plan should also have a purpose.

Smaller sites include home gardens, street gardens, recreational areas and leisure areas.

Features for areas on these plans may include children’s play areas, utility areas, swimming pools, flower gardens and shrubberies, productive gardens including fruit trees and vegetables, decks and paved sitting areas, hedges and fences for shelter and so on.

Large-scale sites include regional parks, cityscapes and national parks. Features on plans for these areas may include:

  • easy, safe access from car parks to other areas of the park
  • good, accessible toilet facilities
  • aesthetically pleasing rubbish disposal
  • seating
  • access to drinking water
  • bridges or safe underfoot material over difficult areas.

The following example is of a public area in a park. The site should also be landscaped to ensure that there is safe easy movement from one part of the site to another and that the whole site is user-friendly.

Scale diagram of a public area of part of a park
Scale diagram of a public area of part of a park.

Annotating plans

It is helpful to landscape construction workers if plans are neatly annotated.

Annotated means that brief notes are added to a plan to explain a feature, or plant, or to give instructions to the person who will build the hard landscaping or plant the plants.

Your teacher will find it helpful if you annotate your plans. The teacher will then have a better understanding of the design you want to create.

An example of annotation is in the above plan where (bark covered) is put into brackets after ‘Children’s play area’.

Making the final design visually interesting

Any landscape design should be aesthetically pleasing (nice to look at). Pleasant views should be enhanced and unsightly views should be hidden.

Choosing plants

Plants chosen should relate well to other plants in the plan. Plants that enjoy the same conditions should be planted together. Plants with contrasting leaves and flowers can be planted together but clashing colours and leaf textures should be avoided.

Plants that have no relationship with each other usually don’t look good planted side by side. For example a cactus that likes a hot sunny position would look out of place next to a fern. The fern would prefer to be in the shade and the cactus in full sun. These two plants also have very different shapes, texture, colour and form.

Remember a landscape design needs to suit the needs of the users and the environmental factors of the site.

Reason plant usedPlant example
Shade Oak, willow, flowering cherry, maple
Screen out unpleasant views Climbers such as ivy, jasmine, clematis
      Hedges such as lemonwood, conifers, bamboo, holly
Separate properties Hedges of lemonwood, conifers, camellias or lower    hedges of rosemary and lavender
Provide privacy Plantings of different sorts with plants of    different heights, and a mixture of evergreen and deciduous plants
Cut down noise especially from traffic Dense plantings of evergreen plants especially near    roads and industrial sites
Wind protection Hedges and dense plantings
For interest A specimen plant or tree with interesting features    like bark (for example, birch), leaves (cabbage tree) berries or fruit (crab    apple), autumn colour (liquidambar),
      flowers (flowering cherry, jacaranda),
      interesting form (palm, blue cedar)
For scent Wintersweet, daphne, gardenia, rose, lavender, jasmine
For flowers Shrubs (camellia)
      Annuals (sunflower)
      Herbaceous perennials (dahlias and carnations)
      Bulb (tulip)

Here are some more symbols that can be used on a final plan.

Symbols to use on your final plan

Here is a possible final plan that combines the user requirements, concept ideas and the site plan features that have been kept.

Final plan

Complete Activity 10A in your workbook

Key points   Key points

  • The final plan shows how the garden will look after all the changes take place.
  • The concept plan, site plan and user requirements are used to come up with this plan.

What's next?

  1. Complete the cover sheet of the workbook.
  2. Return your workbook to your teacher.
  3. Contact your teacher to discuss your study.
Concept plans